Burlington began as a logging camp, established by John P. Millett and William McKay, in 1882. It was officially incorporated on June 16, 1902.
In 2007, the city opened a new library and city hall.
On September 23, 2016, five people were shot and killed at Cascade Mall in Burlington.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.42 square miles (11.45 km2), of which, 4.26 square miles (11.03 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.
Burlington's climate is mild during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 70's and 60's and cool during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 40's.
The warmest month of the year is August with an average maximum temperature of 74.10 degrees Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 34.10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate during summer with a difference that can reach 22 degrees Fahrenheit, and fairly limited during winter with an average difference of 13 degrees Fahrenheit.
The annual average precipitation at Burlington is 32.70 Inches. Rainfall in is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is November with an average rainfall of 4.83 Inches.