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Yakima is a city southeast of Mount Rainier National Park and the county seat of Yakima County, Washington.

As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 71,845 and a metropolitan population of 229,094. According to the Washington State Office of Financial Management's July 1, 2008 estimate, the city has a population of 84,074. Yakima is situated in the Yakima Valley, which is noted for being one of the best apple-producing areas in the world, and produces approximately 75% of all hops grown in the USA. The name originates from the Yakama Nation. The Yakama Indian Reservation is located to the south and southeast of the city of Yakima. Because of the sunny climate relative to the rest of the state, a local developer erected a sign at the edge of the city that proclaims Yakima as "The Palm Springs of Washington." Although it is not an official city sign, it is widely known and recognized by visitors to the area.

History

Yakima1914

Yakima's downtown in 1914.

The Yakama people were the first inhabitants of the Yakima
Yakima195

Yakima's downtown during the 1950's.

Valley. In 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition came to the area and discovered abundant wildlife and rich soil, prompting the settlement of homesteaders. A Catholic Mission was
Zzyak1950s

Downtown Yakima sometime in the 1950's,

established in Ahtanum, southwest of present-day Yakima, in 1847. The arrival of settlers and their conflicts with the natives resulted in the Yakama Indian War of 1855. The U.S. Army established Fort Simcoe in 1856 near present-day Toppenish as a response to the uprising. The Yakamas were defeated and relocated to the Yakama Indian Reservation. Yakima County was created in 1865. When bypassed by the Northern Pacific Railroad in December 1884, over 100 buildings were moved with rollers and horse teams to the nearby site of the depot. The new city was dubbed North Yakima and was officially incorporated and named the county seat on January 27, 1886. The name was changed to Yakima in 1918. Union Gap was the new name given to the original site of Yakima.

In 1994, the City of Yakima received the All-America City Award, given by the National Civic League. Ten U.S. cities receive this award per year.

Climate

Yakima is sunnier compared to other parts of Washington State. On average, the yearly precipitation is 8 inches. There are about 70 of precipitation a year in Yakima. On average, there is 24.6 inches of snowfall a year. The average temperature in July is 69F, and the average in January is 29F. There are thirty two days on average a year with a temperature above 90F. One hundred forty eight days on average of a temperature below freezing.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 square miles, of which, 20.1 square miles of it is land and 0.5 square miles of it (2.33%) is water. Yakima is 1066 feet above mean sea level.

The city of Yakima is located in the Upper Valley of Yakima County. The county is geographically divided by Ahtanum Ridge and Rattlesnake Ridge into two regions: the Upper (northern) and Lower (southern) valleys. Yakima is located in the more urbanized Upper Valley, and is the central city of the Yakima Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The cities of Selah and Union Gap lie immediately to the north and south of Yakima. In addition, the unincorporated suburban areas of West Valley and Terrace Heights are considered a part of greater Yakima. Other nearby cities include Moxee, Tieton, and Naches in the Upper Valley, as well as Wapato, Toppenish, Zillah, Harrah, White Swan, Granger, Mabton, Sunnyside, and Grandview in the Lower Valley.

Districts and their Neighborhoods

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Yakima downtown. AJM STUDIOS Northwest Photo Journey photo.

West End

Ahtanum / Summitview

Brace

West Valley

16th Ave / Washington Ave

Tieton Dr. / 24th Ave

Chestnut Ave / 25th Ave

Lincoln Ave / 16th Ave

Central

Willow St. / 6th Ave.

City Center

11th Ave / Spruce St.

Mead Ave / Cornell Ave

South Broadway

Gordon Rd.

6th St / Nob Hill Blvd

Union Gap

East End

Terrace Heights

Moxee City

Landmarks

The Yakima Sun Dome is a local landmark. There are numerous churches as well.

Culture

Media

Television

KUNW-CA Univision

YES-TV

KNDO (Kndo NBC News)

KIMA (Kima CBS Action News)

KAPP (ABC Kapp 35 News)

KCYU (Fox News 41)

K43GY

KYVE (PBS)

Newspapers

Yakima Herald-Republic

Yakima Business Journal

Yakima Valley Business Times

Yakima Family Times

Viva, Yakima Valley's Hispanic Newspaper

Sports

Baseball: Minor League: Yakima Bears

Baseball: ALB: Yakima Beetles (3 time world champions)

Football: WFL: Yakima Mavericks

Indoor Football: AIFA: Yakima Valley Warriors

Soccer: USL: Yakima Reds

Yakima Speedway

Central Washington State Fair Raceway

Infrastructure

Health systems

Yakima has two major hospitals. Providence Yakima Medical Center and Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital.

Transportation

Interstate 82 is the primary way of reaching Yakima, but U.S. Route 12 crosses through the city from White Pass. U.S. Route 97 joins I-82 from Yakima for approximately 40 miles (64 km) north to Ellensburg. State Route 24 terminates at Yakima and is the primary means of reaching Moxee City and many of the area's agricultural areas to the east. State Route 821 terminates near Yakima and is also called Canyon Road because it passes through the Yakima River canyon. It is an alternate route to Ellensburg which bypasses the I-82 summit at Manastash Ridge.

Yakima Transit services Yakima, Selah, and Union Gap.

Yakima's airport, McAllister Field, operates commercial air flights via Horizon Airlines to Seattle. Numerous private aircraft call the Yakima Airport home and several freight companies operate out of the airport. It is also a popular test site for military jets and Boeing Commerical Production Test Flights.

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